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Unformatted text preview: CLAS 131 Notes 30 Myth and Philosophy Philosophical Appropriation of Myth Plato proposed completely eliminating traditional myths from his ideal city ( Republic 2.376c-383c) But what about the real world?- Traditional myth was too important, too closely integrated in the culture What was the response on the part of philosophers?- To ignore traditional myths altogether- To adapt myths to their own purposes by inventing new myths and reinterpreting old ones Be able to- Discuss and give examples of the ways that Greek and Roman philosophers used myth to set forth and explain their views, by both inventing new myths and reinterpreting traditional myths.- Define the term ‘allegory’ Invention of New Myths Prodicus of Ceos: sophist active in the latter half of 5 th century BCE; writings survive only as ‘fragments’ The ‘Choice of Heracles’: retold by Xenophon (c. 430-c. 350 BCE) What is Prodicus doing with this myth? Allegory: ‘a figurative sentence, discourse, or narrative, in which properties and circumstances attributed to the apparent subject really refer to the subject they are meant to suggest; an extended or continued metaphor’...
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