3.1.11 - Geography Lecture 13 3.1.11 16:33 SubSaharan...

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Geography Lecture 13 16:33 3.1.11 Sub-Saharan Africa Birthrates are very high and so are mortality rates. Life expectancy is low.  Diseases, insects, and pests Affect people and livestock - Vectors: tsetse fly - HIV/AIDS Most severely affected region - 22 million infected (by 2007) - 66% of world total - 14 million died since 1981 - By 2011, it is predicted that there will be 11.6 million orphans - South and east hardest hit - Poverty exacerbates Many geographers blamed Africa’s poverty on environment. For example, they said the  tropical environment hastened the spread of disease, rivers did not facilitate interior  trade. Environmental determinism – the belief that the environment doesn’t just present  opportunities and limits, but it actively shapes societies. This provided rationalization for  European Colonialism. World Slave Trade As early as 1530, by 1700, 50,000 slaves yearly The initial desire was the spice trade and to find a way to get around Cape Horn and  find new routes to Asia.  Plantation agriculture in the Caribbean, South America, Central America, and southern  United States created need for slaves.  There was previously a smaller-scale Arab slave trade of domestic servants
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course GEOG 120 taught by Professor Whitmore during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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3.1.11 - Geography Lecture 13 3.1.11 16:33 SubSaharan...

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