03 Ensuring Equal Employment Opportunity

03 Ensuring Equal Employment Opportunity - Ensuring Equal...

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Ensuring  Equal  Employment  Opportunity  and Safety Employment  Issues
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HRM – The Big Picture n S t r a e g y L l I s u
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Focus of this Section Large body of guidelines/laws/etc. that  govern how HR should operate Goals: Understand legal environment of HRM Understand to avoid legal problems with your  HRM system
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Lawsuits everywhere! Lockheed Martin paid former employee  $2.5 million to settle racial discrimination  suit Hostile work environment Wal-Mart faced a class action suit from  over 2 million past and present female  workers Paid up to 15% less than comparable male  employees Multi billion dollar lawsuit
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Questionable Lawsuits Ambulance driver Larry Wesley was fired from  his job after stopping for doughnuts while  transporting a patient to a hospital in Houston.   He sued the city of Houston, claiming he  suffered emotional distress because of the  firing.
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Equal Employment  Opportunity Basic premise: All individuals should have an equal chance for  employment, regardless of race, color, religion,  sex, national origin, or disability Selection based on ability to do the job “Protected classes” Historically disadvantaged Protected by law against discrimination Enforced through a large number of laws  governing HRM practices
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Employment Law Overseas
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Civil Rights Act of 1964 Title VII Discrimination in all employment practices (not  just hiring) EEOC Created “Protected classes” Historically disadvantaged Race, sex, religion, color, national origin Organizations with 15 or more employees  working 20 weeks or more per year Exceptions:  Religious orgs, jobs regarding  national security
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Title VII Title VII designed to protect against three  forms of discrimination: 1. Disparate treatment Intentional discrimination 2. Adverse impact Unintentional discrimination 3. Harassment Employee consistently alarmed or annoyed by  words or actions of others in workplace
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Disparate Treatment Intentional discrimination based on race,  color, religion… Differential treatment of applicants and  employees Steps in disparate treatment case: 1. Plaintiff establishes prima facie case (4  burdens) Plaintiff belongs to protected group
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03 Ensuring Equal Employment Opportunity - Ensuring Equal...

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