2015 - Human Osteology for Archaeologists Field...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Human Osteology for Archaeologists Field Identification of Bones o Age at death, Sex, Health status (while alive) Number of Bones in Body? o Adult skeleton – 206 and o Newborn skeleton—more (a lot of cartilages and there are separate bones that form into pure bones) Skeleton o Cranial (skull and mandible) o Post-cranial o Spinal Cord Foramen magnu o Aging Suture closure Newborn – bones get closer together and form one bone. Sutures close a known ages Fusion of long bones when you age Diaphysis (shaft) Epiphysis (ends) Fuse at known ages Teeth Really good for aging to a certain point b/c teeth don’t continue to grow. Then it is no longer good for aging. Bone absorption Sex o 99% complete o 85% hip bones – size of openting Sciatic notch Female wider than male Sub-pubic angle female > 90 degrees o 60% skull o Mandible Male angular – sharper Female sloping o Brow ridge Male more pronounced o Forehead male have a more sloping forehead female’s steeper o Occipital protuberance (the back of the head) male more pronounced o Mastoid (ear) male has larger Age and Sex from bones o Constellation of traits Health Status o Metric traits o Ex: Height from measuring femur length o Non-metric traits Os Inca – having extra bones Shovel – shaped incisors (inherited characteristics) Lifesyle o Cranial deformation – (shape the head) elongated skull o Horseback riding can cause dislocation of hip bone and femur (Femoral Acetabular Impingement - FAI) o Fighting
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Infections o Spinal tuberculosis Bones were being eaten away Arthritis o Not a disease related to aging Several vertebrae fused into one Lipping of edge of vertebrae Malnutrition o Dental hypoplasia horizontal raised lines of teeth Anemia o Cribra orbitalia Tiny holes in eye sockets o Porotic hyperostosis tiny holes in skull Diet o Trace element analysis Lead-poisoning Franklin expedition o Chemical analysis of human bone “You are what you eat” o Isotope Analysis C13/C12 for corn in diet Photosynthetic pathways: Become either C3 or C4 plant N16/N15 for marine vs terrestrial fauna in diet o Oxygen isotopes tell whether you drank the local water Teeth: youth Bones: adult/recent (can find out where a person might be with the lack of info) Yax Kuk Mo (found of Copan Maya dynasty) not born at Copan: from the west
Background image of page 2
Native Burials When should Native burial sites be excavated? Slack Farm, Kentucky Rented to looters to dig for grave goods outraged public; National Geographic Legislation in US and Canada to protect Indian burial sites LA Unmarked Burial Site Protection Act, 1992 (unmarked graves of any cultural affiliation) State archaeologist convenes the committees on unmarked burials. NAGPRA: Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 11

2015 - Human Osteology for Archaeologists Field...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online