Geog exam 1

Geog exam 1 - Chapter 1: Introduction to Geography...

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Chapter 1: Introduction to Geography Geography The study of spatial distribution of phenomena on or near the earth’s surface Old Geography o *The question:  What is where?  o All about description – describing what other places are like  o Why people did geography through human history  1) Curiosity  2) Economics  3) Political Power 4) Cultural  5) Military Power New Geography o Changed over the past 150 years o 1900s is when departments of geography developed in universities  o Geographers realized they have to find something to do  o *The question:  Why? Why are things arranged the way the are? o Answered through explanations
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Need to know much more about them than just where they are Requires much more knowledge  Divisions of geography o Human vs. Physical Geography Human Focuses on people and culture Physical Focuses on the natural environment Four spheres of geography o 1) Lithosphere Refers to the solid earth portions (mountains, beaches, valleys) Geomorphology, geomorphologists  o 2) Hydrosphere Refers to the water portions (moisture in air, clouds, oceans) Water resources, hydrologists  o 3) Atmosphere The relatively thin envelope of gases that surround the earth Climatology, climatologists  o 4) Biosphere The living organisms  Biogeography, biogeographists 
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o All are interconnected and influence each other o In the center where they all come together is management and planning 5 common themes in Geographic research o 1) Location  What is where?  Describing where things are  Always related to where something else is o 2) Place refers to the characteristics and the attributes that make a location unique and different from  any other place on the earth  ex. New Orleans has unique attributes that make it a place o 3) Regions  an area that is eternally homogeneous (The same) with respect to some characteristic or  attribute The south shares certain characteristics that make it different from the north o 4) Networks (movement, linkages, pathways, connections)  places are tied to other places (roads, power lines) Ecosystems are tied together by flows of nutrients and energy o  5) Human - environment interactions  shapes the opportunities and resources that people have available to them encourages and discourages connections between certain groups Methods and Tools o The Scientific Method
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To generate new knowledge to solve new problems or demonstrate the validity of an idea or  trying to understand how the world works Primary tool in physical geography to  develop new knowledge
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course GEOG 2051 taught by Professor James during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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Geog exam 1 - Chapter 1: Introduction to Geography...

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