Ch_19 - 11/21/11 COMD 2050 CHAPTER 19 LANGUAGE AND SOCIAL...

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11/21/11 1 COMD 2050 CHAPTER 19 LANGUAGE AND SOCIAL VARIATION SOCIOLINGUSITICS Sociolinguistics: § the study of the interrelationships between language and society. SOCIAL DIALECTS Social dialects: § varieties of language used by groups defined according to social class, education, age, sex, and other social parameters.
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11/21/11 2 VARIABLES AFFECTING SOCIAL DIALECTS Social Class Education Age Gender Social markers- a frequently occurring features in your speech (or not) makes you as a member of particular social group WILLIAM LABOV- SOCIOLINGUIST SOCIAL CLASS AND EDUCATION Labov study on differences in pronunciation among sales people at 3 NY dept stores: Saks (high status), Macy’s (middle status) and Klien’s (low status). He found that the higher the prestige of the store, the more /r/ sounds were produced (higher v. lowah social class).
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11/21/11 3 SPEECH STYLE & STYLE-SHIFTING - Labov noticed: that a speech style exists between social groups, usually considered informal & formal speech. People can shift their style of speaking depending their audience and location. Pg. 257 7 STYLE An individual can vary their speech in certain situations. Our speech style varies along a continuum from
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course COMD 1000 taught by Professor Collins during the Fall '11 term at LSU.

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Ch_19 - 11/21/11 COMD 2050 CHAPTER 19 LANGUAGE AND SOCIAL...

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