COMD 2050—FINAL - COMD 2050-FINAL...

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COMD 2050—FINAL Neurolinguistics- Is the study of the neural mechanisms in the human brain that control the comprehension, production, and acquisition of language Human central Nervous system- CNS is the spinal cord and the brain Cerebrum is the main part of the brain Brainstem- Group of important structures at the base of the brain that connects the brain to the spinal cord Cerebellum Attached to the back of the brainstem and is important for coordination of movements Hemispheres Cerebrum: Right and Left Hemisphere Corpus Callosum Hemispheres are connected by the corpus callosum. It Facilitates communication between the two hemispheres Left Hemisphere Dominance Language function: (Analytic and semantic linguistic processing, Phonological anaylsis, word retrival) Functions involving binaural listening Capacity to produce speech Breaking down a whole into its parts phonological oriented) Engage in concrete though processes Right Hemisphere dominance Perception of nonlinguistic stimuli: Rhythm, stress, etc. Discrimination and ordering of tonal stimuli Prosodic elements of speech Detection and recognition of faces Part-to-whole gestalt synthesis Sequencing, visual spatial abilities Math calculation, art, and music skills Abstract reasoning Allocation of attention Cerebral Cortex Outer layer of cerebral hemisphere Made up of gray matter= cell bodies of neurons Under cortex- white matter=axons Neurons Cell body: receives signals from other neurons, process info Axon: sends signals to other neurons Frontal Lobe It sends the most of the motor commands to the muscles of your body that cause movement The frontal lobe is important for personality, planning and decision making
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Phineas Gage Primary Motor Cortex Primarily responsible for controlling the muscles of your body In both the L and R hemispheres
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COMD 2050—FINAL - COMD 2050-FINAL...

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