Regional_variation_18

Regional_variation_18 - 1 COMD 2050 Chapter 18 Language and...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 COMD 2050 Chapter 18: Language and regional variation Standard English • Standard English is the form of English that is: ▫ Used in newspapers and books ▫ Taught in schools ▫ Used by the mass media ▫ Taught to native speakers of other languages What’s the difference? • Accent is the term that describes aspects of our pronunciations—our allophones—that identify where a speaker is from (geographically or socially). ▫ She is purty. • Dialect is the term that describes all aspects of language (e.g., grammar, semantics) and pronunciation that identify where a speaker is from (geographically or socially). ▫ African American English ▫ Hawaiian Pidgin (AKA Hawaiian Creole English) 2 Dialect • A dialect is a systematic variety of a language specific to a particular region or social class. • An idiolect is the specific linguistic system of a particular speaker. • Dialectology is used to distinguish between two different dialects of the same language and two different languages. ▫ The rule of thumb is that different dialects are mutually intelligible but different languages are not. Regional Dialects • Stereotypic dialects and stereotypic pronunciations • In dialect surveying it is important to identify acceptable formants: ▫ NORMS ¡ ‘ non-mobile, older, rural, male speakers ’ Linguistic Atlases • Developed in the early 1900s • Show the distribution of dialects by identifying consistent features of speech in various regions...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course COMD 1000 taught by Professor Collins during the Fall '11 term at LSU.

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Regional_variation_18 - 1 COMD 2050 Chapter 18 Language and...

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