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Unformatted text preview: 21-uncheckedNovember 12, 2008CH 13Dr. Warran SmithThomas Aquinas is more influential than any other Western thinker.This should be to set us up to understand contemporary Catholic thought, as well as CH 14. This is theology that is background to Reformation thought.Thomas view of grace is like Augustine and Protestant.Our salvation is by grace alone. Its traceable to grace as its source. It is God who is the cause of our salvation, not we ourselves. For Thomas and for Aquinas.Now, back to Aristotle. 12th century and 13th century, a shift in conversation partners.Up until now the theological and philosophical tradition has been Platonism, middle-Platonism and neo-Platonism. He was The Philosopher. But from the 13th century on, certainly by Thomas, it means Aristotle.The works were not entirely lost to the West. His logic was around and being read and had influenced Western theology. But his Metaphyics, Nic. Ethics, etc. were lost. But the Crusades and the expansion of Islam into Spain brought Christians into contact with scholars who had access to these texts, which they knew existed but had not yet had access to.Aristotle was a student of Plato, but he differed from his teacher in several important respects. Whereas Plato had a version of creation, Aristotle believed in the eternality of species. The reason being, X does not come from non-X. The world always has been.2nd: Epistemology: how you know things. Plato says you know things because you recall the forms, the innate internal and eternal ideas. When I see it, I can recognize through my internal innate idea that exists external to me. And because we have the light of the good. The good is like light that shines in the mind and allows us to see the world correctly. And unless you know the Good, you dont appreciate what is appropriate in a particular moment. For Aristotle, knowledge is inductively gained. He is a biologist. He begins to dissect a creature and therefore you figure out its body parts and how its related to other things that are like it, and how it differs. You dont know things by things that are inherent in the human mind, you begin by observing the world.Page 1 of 911/12/08Plato has a mystical element that is total foreign to Aristotle. Plato gives an account of The Good which we mount to, which transcends both speech and understanding and changes the way we view the world and changes our human affections....
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- Fall '08