2009-02-18_Church History

2009-02-18_Church History - Page 1 of 6 2/18/2009 Church...

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Page 1 of 6 2/18/2009 Church History February 18, 2009 ½ billion orthodox Christians in the world Last time, the Catholic Church at the time of the Reformation, esp. in Spain and in Italy and the Jesuit order: Liturgy not as important, community not as important. Spread very quickly. Became a very popular movement. 16 th century is a bad century for the Dominicans. They started out as the advisors to the Pope, but by the end, the Jesuits are the advisors to the Pope. They fought about how to read Thomas Aquinas, until finally the Pope said, “Stop!” So they still had the disagreement, but no longer fought about it. Now the territories where the evangelic movement was growing: Catholic apologists in German-speaking countries. John Eck. He debates Luther at Leipzig and defends Catholic orthodoxy and succeeds in making Luther appear to be a Hussite. Eck is a skilled debater at University of Inglestock later becomes university of Munich. Also takes Zwingli and other important Protestant figures. He writes a book called the Handbook, the Incaridian, Against Luther and other Enemies of the Church. What this book is is an attempt to answer Protestant criticisms of the church on exegetical grounds and writings of earlier Church fathers. In order to give information to local priests so they can answer the Reformers. Over and against people attracted to Protestant. It is a best-seller. It’s not the best theological work, but is a very important pastoral handbook. They can debate with them on Protestant grounds, text for text. A second kind of critic is one that attacks Luther in another way. A kind of critic that is inclined to tackle Luther from the character flaws. A number attack Luther from the standpoint of character flaws. Cocolacho, “Dr. Snotsfood” as Luther calls him, writes a book called Commentary on the Acts and Writings of Luther and publishes it in 1549, when Luther died in 1546! It is a collection of all of the gossip that he’s been able to run down about Luther. All the stories have as their basic text that Luther is a person of something more than merely “doubtful” character. What is heresy? Is it mistakes in theology? No, everybody makes mistakes in theology. Even Thomas Aquinas made mistakes in theology. How can we know the mind of God? Mistakes belong to the human conditions. So, is heresy a theological mistake? No, no, no, no, no! It is a matter of will. You have decided to oppose the teaching of the church on some issue. You have a defective moral character because you are imposing your own judgment over the settled judgment of the Church. It’s not about making a mistake. It’s about persisting in a mistake that you insist upon in spite of the teaching of the Church.
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Page 2 of 6 2/18/2009 It’s a matter of will that rests on a flawed character. The problem with Luther isn’t just that he is a heretic – he is an arch-heretic because his
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course CHHIST 14 taught by Professor Davidsteinmetz during the Spring '09 term at Duke.

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2009-02-18_Church History - Page 1 of 6 2/18/2009 Church...

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