2009-04-01-Church History

2009-04-01-Church History - April 1 2009 Church History...

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April 1, 2009 Church History April 1, 2009 Lecture by Sujin Pak Traditional Views of Women Women are source of evil and sin in the world Women are ritually impure Ideal woman – mother of many children and faithful wife. Female subordination as part of God’s ordained order; men as the true version of imago deo Negative view and fear of women’s sexuality. Monasticism, gender fear. From Philosophy: Aristotle viewed women as “imperfect men” Over time, Thomas Aquinas: women’s inferiority is inherent from day one. Abelard and Hugh of St. Victor have them higher. In the 12 th century, there is a profound growth in the emphasis upon the role of Mary. The things that are praised in women are submissive, deferential, obedient… but what is praised in her is with what kind of motive? Women Martyrs: e.g., blandina, Perpetua, and Felicity. Famous Wives and Mothers: St. Augustine’s mother Monica (d. 387) , Emperor Constantine’s mother Helena (d. 330) Women’s Monastic Orders: Gregory and Basil, Mary sister of Pachomius (290-346); St. Scholastica, the twin of sister of St. Benedict (480-542) Mendicant Orders: The Poor Clares (1215), Brigittine Order, Mantellates… Abbesses of the first couple of centuries of the Christian church were ordained, but later only blessed by a bishop. 352, Council of Laodicea officially forbid women from the priesthood. And then…. Mysticism flowered from 110-1450 The role of suffering and how we understand suffering. There are two practical reasons why. The life was contemplative and enclosed. They couldn’t go around freely. Also, it was the time of the crusades. Mostly women didn’t go on crusades, so there weren’t as many men, and not as many options to marry. So women were sent to
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April 1, 2009 convents. And convents had a lot of mystical thinkers. Hildegard of Bingen, Margery of Kempe and Catherine of Genoa 1447-1510 Julian of Norwich Catherine of Siena and Teresa of Avila. Renaissance Debate about Women 2 significant Defenses for Women appear: It became a hot topic: Giovanni Boccaccio in 1380 compiles a list of famous and praiseworthy women, but he praises these women because they have become like men. Christine de Pizan: a woman who writes the 1405 treatise City of Ladies in which she explores the history of misogynist ideas and identifies the social causes of women’s so- called “inferiority” (i.e, lack of education, economic independence, etc.) 16 th Century context: On the one hand, there are an elite # of women who have become abbesses, or nuns. Steady and increasing role. Catherine of Siena negotiated treaties. Likewise in the workplace, ways in which women were more involved in the market and in the guild system. There continues to be a hierarchy . . there is progression, but the traditional views are very much in place. On the other hand, a new debate in the Renaissance…. But perhaps more of a literary game, rhetorical skills rather than practical change.
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2009-04-01-Church History - April 1 2009 Church History...

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