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2009-01-16-OT12

2009-01-16-OT12 - Page 1 of 8 Old Testament 12 Friday Three...

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Page 1 of 8 1/16/09 Old Testament 12 Friday, January 16, 2009 Three genres of prophetic writing: Poetry: some of the best Hebrew poetry is in the Prophets. Some are highly metaphoric. Important to recognize… we used to be inclined to think that metaphors are just fancy speech. But the prophets used them as a way of giving insight. So she will be asking the question: What work, what theological work is this metaphor doing? She thinks we’ve become more sensitive to language, and metaphors are powerful enough to move people in one direction or another. Metaphors give offense. They would have given offense to their hearers in any case. Many of the metaphors are gendered metaphors. The cows of Bashan – an economically freighted metaphor. She is going to try to help us read metaphors in Ancient Hebrew context – what would the audience be attuned to? This is a separate question from the one that concerns us: To what extent do we want to appropriate these prophetic metaphors in the present day? A somewhat separate question from the exegetical work…. Preaching the prophets. She assumes that we will be preaching the prophets, because in some sense they are the centerpiece of the OT for the Christian canon. Vision report of the prophets. Prominent in Ch 7 of Amos: Forming locusts at the beginning of late harvest. Thus the Lord God showed me, and contends by fire, and then the plumb line. Vision reports are also very prominent in Ezekiel and Isaiah. Narratives are told in the 3 rd person sometimes. Sometimes in the first person. The narrative reports are a way for a later generation to see the prophet in a certain social setting. They are exceedingly useful for exegesis. The word of the Lord that came to Hosea, son of Beeri.
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Page 2 of 8 1/16/09 “Take to yourself a wife with a propensity of loose sexual behavior, and children of the same. And the land is indeed whoring away from God (same as Leviticus, the Land prostituting itself) and he went and he took Gomer the daughter of Prophetic books are not human interest stories. Nothing like a biography for any prophet. So anything we read about their personal lives or families is given us strictly in the service of their prophesy. Notice the names of his children: Deprived of compassion, and Not My People. Isaiah does exactly the same thing with his kids. The information about marriages and children is transparent to the prophetic message to Israel. What are the dominant metaphors that God uses? Husband and father to Israel. We tend to think of God as judge as the prominent metaphor in the OT. But in the prophets, the dominant metaphor is God as husband, beloved. Hosea starts to prophesize around 750 BCE, Micah is maybe 740 BCE. Hosea is 10 years later than Amos. Hosea is speaking in the North. Micah is speaking in the South near the Shephelah.
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