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2009-01-21-OT12 - Page 1 of 8 Old Testament 12 Wednesday...

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Page 1 of 8 1/21/09 Old Testament 12 Wednesday, January 21, 2009 Deuteronomic History: there is a lot of detail in this lecture. Until 586. She is going to concentrate on last 150 years. 722 BC fall of Samaria to 586, fall of Jerusalem. Huge changes during this period. The Deuteronomic historian, an individual or a construct… doesn’t matter which. Expects us to be aware of this history. The writing prophets most of them were speaking directly into this period, including Nahum with whom we begin today. We don’t need to know each king… but be familiar with the general outline that she has prepared for us. She has given us the first 722- 612 the fall of Ninevah the capital of Assyria. Light green… 671 BC in Assyrian Empire is huge. Until it’s fall in 722, the Northern Kingdom was overwhelmingly the more powerful of the two kingdoms. From a Biblical perspective, there was an enormous repopulation, shift in power after 722 as the North fled to the south. Some say Jerusalem grew between 2 – 10 times its size. Hezekiah begins to think about Babylon… will he step out from under the thumb of Assyria. Hezekiah rebels against the king of Assyria. Hezekiah fortifies the city, building a 20 ft wall around the city, and does something absolutely remarkable. The water supply. The Gihon Spring is the only perennial spring available and it is outside the wall. He dug a tunnel through the rock, 1/3 mile and rechanneled the spring so that it came into the city. An unprecedented achievement of engineering. 701, 4 years after the initial rebellion… He reduces most of Judea to ruble. He lays siege to Jerusalem, but doesn’t take it. It is described as miraculous. We know that there was trouble at home, so the Assyrians had to leave. That is different than the Biblical reporting. But Judea did not escaped. It was destroyed. His aim was total power over the region, to create a globalized economy, with Judea as a breadbasket. He created in Acrone, he creates the largest olive oil industry in the East. The plain of Charbon. He exports to Assyria and to Egypt. This most be a major reason that Assyria wanted that region. Used for cosmetics and to be burned for light, and for cooking.
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Page 2 of 8 1/21/09 He (Assyrian king) destroys the major city in the Shephelah - Lachish There is a relief in Sennacherib palace. The destruction of Lachish… Judeans being taken captive. It meant a great deal to him, because the relief was one of the most important rooms in his palace. Maybe he was disappointed because he didn’t get Jerusalem, but he got the economic part. We were to read Nahum alongside 2 Kings… An inside view of inside Jerusalem. Sometime between 701 – 612 when the Babylonians destroyed Ninevah. The oracle against the nations in Amos. In most other books this is only a portion. But Nahum is entirely against one nation, Assyria. His vengeful picture of God is repugnant to us.
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