2009-01-28-OT12

2009-01-28-OT12 - Page 1 of 7 1/28/09 Old Testament 12...

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Page 1 of 7 1/28/09 Old Testament 12 Wednesday, January 28 2009 Isaiah: What we need to know about the scholarly tradition A brief word on the overall shape of the book and how modern scholarship has dealt with it. Chap 1-39 Chap 40 -66 Most scholars, in Chapter 40, there is a shift to treating a different historical period than the first 39 ch. 1-39 8 th c. BCE The major players: Ahab and Hezekiah. 40-66: After Jerusalem that have fallen. Parts of 35 for instance. The definitive historical treatment was Bernhard Duhm. The exilic period: the Word portion 40-55 The post-exilic period: 56-66 The Duhm categories, sections, in a way that carried the day in scholarship. That division stands more or less for most critical scholars. Did the same person do 2 nd Isaiah and 3 rd Isaiah. There are decent arguments either way. The real debate and shift in thinking has to do with the degree of continuity amongst the three sections. Duhm looked for and saw NO continuities between the 3. This is one extreme. The major change we see in our way of thinking about Isaiah in the late 70’s. Brevard Childs, Introduction. The conscious reflection on the first parts of Isaiah now to reflect the greatest part ======= At this point it seems so obviously right that this could be the case, it’s hard to imagine that no one saw this before hand. How much theological continuity there is through the three Isaiahs. They always used to think of it by one hand. What we say now, is that the vision of Isaiah is being renewed in new situations. Insights get lost, says Brevard Childs. And people forget what has been known.
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Page 2 of 7 1/28/09 The diversity of the prophetic vocations that become visible as you move through the book. The different aspects of the prophetic vocations challenge people in different ways. The theme of vocation is consistent throughout; Israel’s vocation and the prophetic vocation. The very first Is. 1:1 ¶ Here is the message about Judah and Jerusalem that was revealed to Isaiah son of Amoz during the time when Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah reigned over Judah. It’s called a “vision”. Isaiah is matched only by Ezekiel as the great visionaries, piercing the veil between heaven and earth. Isaiah is the most Zion oriented, Jerusalem oriented of all of the prophets. To “get” the book of Isaiah, you have to keep the Psalms in mind. Isaiah’s religious imagination is totally oriented to Zion. A high doctrine of Jerusalem. He believes that God really IS in the midst of Jerusalem. God is really there, for better or for worse. 4 kings – a long prophetic ministry. Something like 35 years. Isaiah is a very king- oriented prophet. By this she means: 1. He is an advisor to kings. The most highly placed of all of the prophets in Scripture. Unlikely that he was a court prophet. For all practical purposes, he was a pacificist. Denounces against military alliances. Prophesized against Jerusalem, as did Micah. An independent “man of God” who had the ear of the
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2009-01-28-OT12 - Page 1 of 7 1/28/09 Old Testament 12...

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