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Unformatted text preview: Page 1 of 9 1/30/09 Old Testament 12 Friday, January 30, 2009 2 Isaiah: 3 rd : 56 and following 2 nd Isaiah 40-55 Exilic Isaiah. These two sections, conventionally, represent different moods and vocations in the prophetic. But the tone is sharply contrasted. 2 nd Isa is sometimes called the Book of Consolation. Upbeat. 3 rd Isa is a return to shot through with shafts of light. Back to warnings. Different aspects of the prophet coming to light. And some attention to the preachers vocation. Can’t responsibly do an end run to Isa. Beginning at chapter 40: The setting is a fast forward 150 years. In Ch 36 we ended with the king of Assyria camped outside the wall of Jerusalem in 701 BCE. Now we’re in 540 BCE. By this time the Assyrians are history and the Babylonians along with the Meads conquered in 612 Ninevah, and now the attention of focus is now on Babylon. It’s relatively new and also near the end of its time. It was only around for about 65 years as a Babylonian capital. Now the Jews in 540, the Judeans, was translated to Jews… have been exiled for 50 years. 597 first exile and fell in 586. What did Babylon look like to an exile. Quite literally awesome Babylon was. The Judeans were force marched for a journey of three months. They would have encountered the Eschar Gate – reconstructed: Glazed ceramic brick. Absolutely luminous – a lovely shade of Duke blue covered with tawny mythical beasts, highlighted with white. The lion is the symbol of power for Babylon and for Assyria. The Processional Way was the holy way, because there were temples along the way… and there were songs that would have been sung. We know some of the songs that were sung upon the processional way. The moat around the city and one of the temple… Marduk’s temple, the city god of Babylon. The “power that rules the known world”. It is making a statement about Babylon ruling the world. Nebuchanezr is somewhat like Solomon’s A reign of 40 years – a conquer who Page 2 of 9 1/30/09 dominated the area for a long time. He was a temple builder and refurbisher. The inside of the temple was 130 feet long and plated with solid gold. Venture a hypothesis: since the Babylon in 597 the first wave, skimmed the cream, the most educated, those who could be must useful in building the empire. The poet seems to know Babylon and its culture and ways so well in 2 Isa> maybe the prophet is one of those. It is purely a hypothesis. How was it for the Judeans in Babylon? Different views in the Bible. A different experience for different people. Jeremiah himself didn’t go to Babylon. Famously he writes in 29: Settle down, relax, enjoy yourself… you’ll be there for awhile. There is a lot of writing from this period, including business records, indicating that many Jews took Babylonian names. They were assimilating. There is something of a shift in the next generation or two. People begin to reclaim Hebrew names. But some things shift that never shift back....
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course OT 12 taught by Professor Ellendavis during the Spring '09 term at Duke.
- Spring '09
- The Bible