2009-03-27OT12 - OT12 Stephen Chapman March 27, 2009 There...

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OT12 Stephen Chapman March 27, 2009 There are a couple of views, and Stephen is one of the players – he has a dog in this fight. How do we adjuticate between these. Julius Wellhausen: A J Source, An E source, and an D Source, and a P source. (1844-1918) Came from Wilhelm de Wette (1780-1849) The unnamed law book in Hezekiah and by Jeremiah, that this unnamed law book was the original book of Deuteronomy, now Deuteronoy 12-26. Gave a chronolocial… the D source could be dated to 622-621. And then, there is an achor. Did things come before or after the 7 th century? The kind of work that Wellhausen came up and how he dated this. Most of the response was for historical accuracy. The existence of written scripture was postponed until. 10 th cent J 9 century E Only 7 th cnetr D J and E had existed for ages, but they had not existed as What was In Nehimaiah we hear of another public reading, by Ezra. When he opened the book, everyone stood up and the Levites helped them understand. Nehemiah 8 Moses… and they pledge to do all Nehemiah 10. The echoes of later Synagogue reading practices. There seem to be references in Neh in the Pentateuch. Neh 10:31 links the law of the 7 th follow year, (P) with the 7 th … something is (D)… so by now the Pentateuch has been joined. The true beginning of the Bible in Israel: the Pentateuch only. Wellhausen didn’t trace the development of the Canon after that event.
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Historical critical line. The advent of scripture was viewed as something regrettable. A symptom of the loss of religious vitality. A shift from the religion of Israel…. Vital part of life of the people… to “Judeaism” the law of the book. An objective and passively received. Filled out by other scholars now, Herbert Edward Ryle in the Abbey of Westminister. The documentary hypothesis and the Torah the main thesis… but how did the rest come together? Ryles’ key idea was that the history of canon formation was reflected in the canonical subdivisions: Law, Prophets, Writings. Step back: Protestant OT is a comprimise. It usually contains the same books as the Jewish canon, but in a different order. From the Vulgate (Latin) or Septuagint or Hebrew. The 4 part order: historical books, poetic books, and then the prophets. Torah first. Thought that maybe it was in order chronilocaly. The prophet books at the end because the prophets point to the future and point to the NT. The 4-fold order is mistakenly called “Christian”. In Judaism: 3-fold order: Torah, Prophets, Writings. Emphasis an exilic center: Ending in 2 Chron : return to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple. Ryles used the 3-fold order to investigate how the OT canon was put together. 444 BC After the Pentetecuh as canon, another 200-250 years… before it was complete and accepted into the canon. By 200 BCE… a 2- part canon of law and prophets. Why 200 BCE?
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course OT 12 taught by Professor Ellendavis during the Spring '09 term at Duke.

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2009-03-27OT12 - OT12 Stephen Chapman March 27, 2009 There...

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