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Final Review Sheet

Final Review Sheet - Final Review Sheet Brief review Sperm...

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Final Review Sheet Brief review Sperm are produced in the ____________ cells. Sperm are linked by _____________ _____________ because certain gene products on the ____ chromosome are necessary for sperm development. Spermatid to mature sperm is a process of _____________. Females are born with __________ oocytes frozen in ___________ ___. During ovulation, a __________ oocyte frozen in __________ ____ is released. It is only after ___________ that the oocyte completes ____________. Gamete Structure Sperm Structure Head contains the ___________ and the ______________. The acrosome contains ____________ and contains an inner and outer ____________. The neck contains ___________ which are necessary for the first __________ division. The midpiece contains _____________ which are necessary for ____________. The flagella consists of the ____________ and the ____________. Secondary oocyte (ovum) structure
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In the picture above, the ______________ _____________ is depicted in blue and contains a __________ __________. The zona pellucida is colored ___________ in the picture above and contains _______________ which have ____________ on them. The corona radiata is also known as the ______________ _______________ and consists of layers of ____________ cells. Sexual Response Cycle The parasympathetic system is involved in ____________. The sympathetic system is involved in ____________. Stages of the Masters and Johnson theory sexual response cycle: 1. ______________ a. Female response: b. Male response: 2. ______________ - period of full __________ a. Female response: b. Male response: 3. ______________ a. Female response: b. Male response: 4. ______________ a. (men only) ___________ ____________ - sexual stimuli have no effect Journey of Ejaculated Sperm Seminal plasma is the fluid in semen that contains ________ to provide energy; if there are insufficient amounts of this, the result is decreased _________. Vagina _________ ____________ oviduct (fallopian tube) fertilization occurs at ___________-____________ _____________ Most sperm die in the vagina due to the _________ environment, and dying sperm are engulfed by ________ _________ cells. Sperm movement is somewhat influenced by ____________ (movement towards a __________) and ____________ (movement towards ___________), but once in the fallopian tube, sperm are guided by ___________ which have 2-way movement. The cilia at the grooves move the
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__________ towards the ___________, while the cilia at the ridges move the ________ towards the ___________. After a period of time in the vagina, the sperm undergo ____________ which involves the removal of ___________ and _____________ (increased flagella motility). This process is necessary for ____________ to occur. Time periods for fertilization: egg can be fertilized for 24-___ hours after ovulation, and sperm can live for 3-___ days in the female reproductive tract. Fertilization process can take up to ___ hours. Fertilization Getting through the layers of the ovum from the outside to the inside ___________ is the enzyme on the head of sperm that breaks down the ____________ ________ that holds together the ___________ cells of the ____________ ___________. (local response) The sugars of the glycoprotein ______ on the surface of the _________ __________ and _______ on the sperm’s plasma membrane bind to trigger the _____________ ___________.
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