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179 - 2C - Sexual Health and Behavior Change Teen Pregnancy...

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Sexual Health and Behavior Change
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Teen Pregnancy Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) Knowledge and awareness are low, despite health education Risky sexual behavior is associated with other behavior
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Estimates of New HIV Infections in the United States, 2009, for the Most-Affected Subpopulations (CDC)
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Genital Herpes - Initial Visits to Physicians’ Offices, United States, 1966-2010
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Interventions may draw upon ideas from many theories Individual-Level Theories and Models Top-down (vs. bottom-up)
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The Health Belief Model (HBM) Focuses on cognitions, beliefs, about predictors of health behavior Four constructs: Perceived susceptibility Perceived severity Perceived barriers Perceived benefits Mixed results in research Low explanation of condom use (Lollis, Johnson, & Antoni, 1997) Significant predictor of HIV testing (Maguen, Armistead, & Kalichman, 2000)
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The Theory of Planned Behavior Behavioral intentions are based on Attitudes Subjective norms
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