179 - 1B - “The desire for the prolongation of life we...

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Unformatted text preview: “The desire for the prolongation of life we may take to be one of the most universal of all human motives.” –Kenneth Arrow, 1963 • ‘Health’ derived from whole, hale, and holy • World Health Organization (WHO) definition: – State of complete physical, social, and spiritual well-being, not simply the absence of illness • Too idealistic? • Need for psychological, cultural, and economic aspects • What about psychosocial elements? • Our definition – Health is a state of well-being with physical , cultural , psychological , economic , and spiritual aspects, not simply the absence of illness – Health never seen as complete, simply something we strive for • Enter: “Behavior Change” • Health as Need Satisfaction – Different people would describe health in different ways – Maslow’s hierarchy of needs (1943) • As our need-satisfaction moves toward the top of the pyramid, we become more satisfied and thus physically and mentally healthy • May not be this rigid for all people • Researchers feel some key elements are missing from the hierarchy – i.e., agency and autonomy (freedom to choose) and spirituality •...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course PSYCH health taught by Professor Brian during the Spring '12 term at UC Riverside.

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179 - 1B - “The desire for the prolongation of life we...

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