arch review for exam 1

arch review for exam 1 - Virtruis - Ancient roman...

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Unformatted text preview: Virtruis - Ancient roman architect, introduced 3 domains of architecture: Function (Primary /Denotative and Secondary/Connotative), Technology (Soundness and Elegance), Form (Aesthetics and Meaning[Denotative and Connotative]) Laugier French-called attention to the practical origins of architecture, <Essay on Architecture>, Primitive Hut Protofunctionism: architecture should respond to practical needs. Forms of the past were adapted to serve new functions. Durand- French, proposed “combination”, put together buildings, “templates” of building elements (elaborations of traditional forms) Pugin- English, all features about a building should be necessary for convenience, construction or propriety. Ornament and decoration were unnecessary. Wrote <Contrasts> Viollet-le-Duc- French wrote <Entretiens> Sullivan - American, “Forms follows function”. Work: Auditorium Building in Chicago, not much ornament. Functionalism/Modernism : All reminders of tradition were eliminated, “less is more” importance to function, not form/expression (no ornament), identity, authority, unity. Gropius – German. Simple, geometric forms functional purpose the buildings served. Geometric forms are associated with industrial buildings. Flat roof, glass lets light in....
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2012 for the course ARCH 170 taught by Professor Eisenbach during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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arch review for exam 1 - Virtruis - Ancient roman...

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