CRIM100 Study Guide

CRIM100 Study Guide - CRIM100 Study Guide Exam 1 9/26/11 1....

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CRIM100 Study Guide Exam 1 9/26/11 1. Felonies and Misdemeanors Felonies: Serious crimes usually carrying a penalty of death or of incarceration for more than one year (Layers 2 and 3 of the “criminal justice wedding cake” see pg 21 ) Type 1: Serious Felonies - violent crimes committed by those with a previous record. Typically, no relationship between the victim and the felon Type 2: Lesser Felonies - same level of crime but committed by someone with little or no record and victim had a previous relationship to the accused Misdemeanors: Offenses less serious than felonies and usually punishable by incarceration of no more than a year, probation, or intermediate sanction (Layer 4 of the cake). About 90% of cases. 2. Who is responsible for sentencing in US courts? Judges— Intent to make the sentence suitable to the offender and the offense within limits set by the law. Judge typically has leeway in sentencing even though criminal codes place limits on it Options: Suspended Sentence Probation Imprisonment Other sanctions (fines, community service, etc) 3. Theory: particularly what was read and discussed concerning Freud, Jung, Merton, Sutherland and Durkheim. Be familiar with what the text has to say re: biological theory. REFER TO LAST PAGE 4. Mala in se and mala prohibita crimes Mala in se: Offenses that are wrong by their very nature. (i.e. rape, murder) What society agrees is punishable by law Mala prohibita: Offenses prohibited by law but not wrong in themselves Society might disagree with legislature’s choice to deem certain acts criminal -Legislature can change the definitions of specific crimes under these categories as society changes (gambling acceptable) -Changes in definition of crime can also be done by courts if criminal punishment of certain actions is recognized as unconstitutional. (early-term abortions (Roe v Wade), private sexual conduct of adult gays and lesbians (Lawrence v Texas)) 5. Types of crimes: - Visible (street) crime “ordinary” crime: Range from shoplifting to homicide. Crimes that occur that cannot necessarily be hidden. Majority of law enforcement officials employed to deal with them
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3 Types: 1. Violent Crimes: Acts in which death or physical injury results -(Rape, murder, assault, robbery) Crim. Justice system treats them most harshly -Most commonly, the attacker knows the victim 2. Property Crimes: acts that threaten property owned by individuals or of the state -Burglary, shoplifting, larceny, etc. Mostly done by inexperienced criminals as a result of situational factors such as money or boredom -Professional criminals make a living out of this 3. Public Order Crimes : Acts that threaten the well-being of society, challenge moral principles -Public drunkenness, aggressive panhandling, vandalism, etc. done mostly by teenage boys -Controversial: some say these crimes just are an expression of our liberties while others claim they instill fear in other citizens -Many argue that too much time is spent arresting minorities in
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2012 for the course CCJS 100 taught by Professor Gaston during the Fall '07 term at Maryland.

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CRIM100 Study Guide - CRIM100 Study Guide Exam 1 9/26/11 1....

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