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POST EXAM 2 NOTES - POST EXAM 2 NOTES Prison deferred...

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POST EXAM 2 NOTES 11/16/11 Prison: deferred sentences longer than a year Jail: less than a year, smaller, no exercise yards, no real stratified society, more Correction Models Crime-Control: prison Rehabilitative: no prison Community: non-violent offenders don’t need to go to rehab—get them diverted to program to help Alternative to Incarceration: -Probation (by judge) -Restorative Justice Programs (expensive process) Sentencing (types) 1. Indeterminate Sentencing: Judge can do whatever he wants- 1960’s was when it finally stopped—need a guideline 2. Determinate: Based on this and that, I’m giving you this time…more things played a role even if the judge has discretion 3. Mandatory: Judge and prosecutor, if gun is used in a crime, 5 years automatically The Move from Rehab to Incarceration 1920’s to 1960’s- Flat crime rates 1. Political Climate 2. Rehab not shown effective—Martinson (1974) a. Martinson’s Findings: 1. Educational and vocational training 2. Individual counseling a.
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  • Fall '07
  • Gaston
  • Prisoner Reentry Initiative, National Governors Association Prisoner Reentry Policy, real stratified society, Association Prisoner Reentry, potential prison reform

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