Abortion PHIL140

Abortion PHIL140 - ABORTION A popular but invalid argument...

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Unformatted text preview: ABORTION A popular but invalid argument P1: All human fetuses are human beings. P2: Every human being has a right to life. C: Therefore, abortion is always morally impermissible. P1: Womens social, economic and political equality depends upon their having access to legal abortion. C: Therefore, abortion is always morally permissible. Another popular but invalid argument Incidence of abortion (U.S.) [All data from www.guttmacher.org] * 50% of all pregnancies in the U.S. are unwanted; 40% of these end in abortion. * 1973-2008: nearly 50 million abortions performed. [On average between 1.3 and 1.5 million per year.] 1 in 10 women will have an abortion by age 20. 1 in 4 women will have an abortion by age 30. 3 in 10 women will have an abortion by age 45. * Women between 18 and 19 account for 11% of abortions; between 20 and 24, for 33%. Non-Hispanic black women: 30% of abortions Non-Hispanic white women: 36% of abortions Hispanic women: 25% Other races: 9% * 37% of women obtaining abortions identify as Protestant; 28% as Catholic. * 42% of women obtaining abortions have incomes below the Federal Poverty Line (i.e., $10,830 for a single woman without children.) * 54% of women who have abortions had used a contraceptive method during the month they became pregnant. Reasons for abortion 75% cite concern for or responsibility to other individuals; that they cannot afford a child; that having a baby will interfere with work, school, or the ability to care for dependents. 50% say they do not want to be single parents or are having problems with their husband or partner. When do abortions occur? < 9 weeks 61.8% 9 12 weeks 26.3% 13 20 weeks 10.4% > 21 weeks 1.5% Trimesters: 1st = 0 to 12 wks 2nd = 13 to 23 wks 3rd = 23 wks to birth Methods of abortion Trimester Surgical Medical 1st Suction & curettage RU486 (< 49 days) 2nd Dilation & evacuation Saline; prostaglandins 3rd Dilation & extraction Emergency contraception morning after pill Plan B Is a method of contraception, not abortion. Works by preventing ovulation or by preventing sperm from fertilizing egg. May be used within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse. LAW Griswold v. Connecticut , 381 U.S. 497 (1965) Connecticut law prohibiting married couples from using contraceptives ruled unconstitutional. A zone of privacy protects rights that concern fundamentally personal matters. LAW, cont. Eisenstadt v. Baird , 405 U.S. 438 (1972) Extends Griswold to unmarried persons. The Court says that the right of privacy includes the right of the individual to be free of unwarranted Governmental intrusion into matters so fundamentally affecting a person as the decision whether to bear or beget children (453). LAW, cont....
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This note was uploaded on 02/26/2012 for the course PHIL 140 taught by Professor ??? during the Fall '08 term at Maryland.

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Abortion PHIL140 - ABORTION A popular but invalid argument...

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