journalism txt book notes

journalism txt book notes - Chapter 1: Changing Concepts of...

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Chapter 1: Changing Concepts of News 1. Media Convergence - Blurred lines between print and broadcast - Integrated/multi-media - Cross-promotion - Increased content on Web sites with emphasis on interacting with readers and viewers - Journal-World - Media organizations were merging different technologies in the same story and merging other companies that could provide services for online sites (partnership) 2. Changing Delivery of News - Blogs: posted on the web, free social networking sites; can be a personal journal or brief commentary about any topic and include audio/video - Podcast: digital media information in audio/video form distributed over the Internet for use on a portable media player (portable on demand) - RSS: Really Simple Syndication meaning subscribe to a site using “aggregator” to compile them and deliver blogs or podcasts to you - Aggregator: software that compiles or collects certain Web sites that you want delivered to you regularly; known as a feed reader 3. Economic Changes in Media - Changing face of media isn’t just in content and delivery but also ownership of largest media organizations - Stocks under pressure, declining circulation of newspapers 4. Changes in Online News - Changed nature of news - Continual Deadlines: when a story breaks reporters are expected to file the story immediately for the Web and update major stories online throughout the day. Competition for readers is keen – 24/7 sites. - Interactive Content: one of the main distinctions of online news is the ability to interact with readers. Web stories feature polls, chats, and questions to prompt readers to express views – writers need to consider how their audience will be affected by the story - Related Links: online news is accompanied by links to related information so a news story may no longer be a single entity - Nonlinear Structure: print and broadcast news stories are written in linear order – to be read or heard from beginning to end as if in a straight line. The Web uses features creating a nonlinear environment so readers can access content in any order they choose. - Databases: many news sites offer databases that you can search for information - Personalized Journalism: in addition to blogs online news sites reach out to users by asking them to contribute their personal stories - Specialized Beats: Web news sites offer more frequent and thorough coverage 5. Citizen Journalism
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- Declining newspaper circulation spurred the movement “public journalism” also known as “civic journalism” a form of reporting that involves readers in planning the news based on their concerns - Attempt to make readers care about their community and news coverage - Evolved into “citizen journalism” where members of the community contribute to the news via blogs and online interactive forums - Participatory journalism or user-generated content - Controversy about whether citizens who aren’t employed by news organizations should be referred to as journalists
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journalism txt book notes - Chapter 1: Changing Concepts of...

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