Pierce 11.8.11

Pierce 11.8.11 - The Cigarette Smoking Epidemic In the...

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The Cigarette Smoking Epidemic In the United States and the Role of Industry Marketing in Encouraging Use John P. Pierce PhD Moores UCSD Cancer Center
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Patterns of Tobacco Use
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Smoking prevalence among men aged > 15 yrs of age in 2006, WHO Health Statistics Prevalence Category Country >50% Russian Federation, Ukraine, Greece, Indonesia, China, Tunisia, Philippines, Malaysia, Turkey 41-50% Cambodia, Bangladesh, Romania, Hungary, Vietnam, Thailand, Cuba, Syria, Kazakstan, Myanmar, Chile 31-40% Mexico, Nepal, Pakistan, Czech Republic, Argentina, India ,Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, Venezuela ,Morocco, France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Finland 21-30% Iran, Poland, Iraq, South Africa, Yemen, Algeria , Sudan, Egypt Kenya, United States, Guatemala, Ecuador, Saudi Arabia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Burkina Faso, Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, Norway 11-20% Brazil, Uganda, Senegal, Mali, Dominican Republic, Cote D'ivorie, Nigeria, Sweden <11% Ghana, Ethiopia
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Smoking prevalence among women aged > 15 yrs of age in 2006, WHO Health Statistics Prevalence Category Country 30-40% Greece, Poland, Hungary, Chile 20-30% Cuba, Nepal, Russian Federation, Czech Republic, Venezuela, Argentina , Romania, Ukraine, France, Germany, Spain, Sweden, Norway, Finland 10-20% Turkey, United States , Myanmar, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Philippines, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, Italy 3-10% South Africa, Kazakhstan, Tunisia, Cambodia, Pakistan, Yemen, Ecuador, Iran, Malawi , Indonesia , Zambia, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Guatemala, India, Bangladesh, China, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Mozambique, Sudan <3% Malaysia, Mali, Vietnam, Cote D'ivorie, Sri Lanka, Kenya, Thailand, Egypt, Senegal, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Ghana, Algeria, Morocco
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Consumption of Tobacco Products in the United States: 1880-2000 Source: Tobacco Situation and Outlook Report, U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Census Note: Among persons >18 years old. Beginning in 1982, fine-cut chewing tobacco was reclassified as snuff. 1 st evidence that Smoking caused Lung Cancer Start of Cigarette Advertising Start of public health program -68%
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Cigarette Smoking and Lung Cancer Lung Ca Mortality = fn ( Years smoked 4 x cigs/day 2 ) from Doll and Peto British Doctors Study, 1978 from Flanders…Thun M Cancer Prevention Study of ACS, 2003 In deciding on the relative importance of duration or intensity of smoking to reduce future lung cancer rates, we must be aware that the duration variable picks up the variance that is due to age. Cancer is exponentially related to age.
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Cigarettes Consumed And Lung Cancer Rates In The US, 1900-1999 *Age-adjusted to 2000 US standard population.
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Pierce 11.8.11 - The Cigarette Smoking Epidemic In the...

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