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chapter 2 book notes

chapter 2 book notes - Physical Geography Book Notes...

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Physical Geography Book Notes Chapter 2 Portraying Earth I. The Nature of Maps a. A scaled drawing of a portion of a landscape showing only selected detail. b. Show distance, size, direction and shape c. Show “what is where” and provide clues to “why” II. Map Scale a. Relationship between the length given on the map and length on Earth b. Map scale can’t be constant because of transferring curves to 2D lines c. Graphic Map Scale is a line marking of a certain distance on the map d. Fractional Map Scale gives a representative fraction of the distance i. Ex. 1:1900 means that 1 unit on the map represents 1900 units e. Verbal Map Scale give the ratio in words i. Ex. 1 inch to 5 miles f. Large and small map scales are comparative i. The smaller the denominator, the larger the scale III. Map Essentials a. Title b. Date- when the data was collected c. Legend- symbols on the map d. Scale e. Direction-compass or meridian grids f. Location-latitude and longitude g. Data source- cite the source of the data h. Projection type IV. The Roles of Globes a.
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