HIV - HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus Kayleigh Blaney What...

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HIV Human  Immunodeficiency  Virus Kayleigh Blaney
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What is HIV? Virus      -specifically a lentivirus The cause of AIDS  (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) Transferred via bodily  fluids There are two species:  HIV-1 and HIV-2
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Perinatal Transmission In the US, 25% of babies born to HIV+  mothers are HIV+ It is estimated that if all mothers were treated,  2% would be born HIV+ Post-labor medication Zidovudine (ZDV) will  decrease transmission rates by 66% Breast feeding significantly increases  transmission risks
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Non-first World Countries Kenya is home to one of the world’s harshest  HIV and AIDS epidemics 1.5 million people are living with HIV  1.2 mil children have been orphaned by AIDS  In 2009 80,000 people died from AIDS-related  illnesses
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Preventing PMTCT Since 2000 PMTCT efforts have increased Testing for HIV has increased Funding and research has dramatically  increased since 2007
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HIV - HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus Kayleigh Blaney What...

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