MIT2_500s09_lec09

MIT2_500s09_lec09 - Second oldest republic in the Western...

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MIT OpenCourseWare http://ocw.mit.edu 2.500 Desalination and Water Purification Spring 2009 For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http://ocw.mit.edu/terms .
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March 5, 2009 2.500 Desalination
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Water Issues 1.7 billion people without access to safe drinking water 10 million deaths annually 90% of infant deaths in developing countries
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Water Issues Surface water sources are extremely polluted
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Water Issues Ground water provides a safer alternative Chemicals leach into the water supply arsenic nitrites and nitrates salts
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Health Impacts High blood pressure Kidney stones, gall stones etc. Vision disorders
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Phaeton, Haiti
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Phaeton and Paulette Courtesy of the CIA Factbook.
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Some facts about Haiti Poorest country in the Western Hemisphere 148th in HDI (of 179)
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Unformatted text preview: Second oldest republic in the Western Hemisphere (1804) Only successful slave revolt leading to independence Defeated Napoleon 53% have access to safe water 54% live on less than $1/day GNI/capita = $440 Rural population density = 664 (/km 2 ) Annual deforestation rate = 5.7% Energy use/capita = 270 (kg oil equiv) 100% have access to safe water <1% live on less than $1/day GNI/capita = $35,400 Rural population density = 37 (/km 2 ) Annual deforestation rate = -0.2% Energy use/capita = 7,996 (kg oil equiv) Workshops of the World McMaster Carr?? Dont overestimate the availability of materials Dont underestimate the sill off the craftsmen Questions...
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2012 for the course MECHANICAL 2.500 taught by Professor Miriambalaban during the Spring '09 term at MIT.

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MIT2_500s09_lec09 - Second oldest republic in the Western...

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