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Principles of Vaccination

Principles of Vaccination - eradication of the smallpox in...

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Principles of Vaccination Introduction Vaccination is one of the most famous and successful application of the principles of immunology for the benefit of the human health. Its numerous and diverse principles have experienced several innovations since 200 years ago when Edward Jenner initially pioneered the first trial on smallpox. Furthermore, French scientist Louis Pasteur also brought his contribution to set up the cornerstone for vaccination. Supported by massive improvements and advancements in sanitation, and hygienic facilities such as safe, chlorinated drinking water, vaccination has proved to be the most prominent instrument in combating a myriad of life threatening infectious diseases. For instance, the complete
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Unformatted text preview: eradication of the smallpox in the 1970s proves to be one of its most impressive global targets and thus its success prevented several millions of deaths. Moreover, the incidence of many other infectious diseases namely diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis, measles, mumps, rubella, meningitis etc have experienced a drastic decrease owing to extensive vaccination programmes as it reduces the risk that non-immunised persons encounter the disease. Furthermore, vaccination provides herd immunity by ensuring the protection of a whole community from pathogens as it reduces the risk that non-immunised persons encounter the disease....
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