test 2 - Crime and Personality Test#2 Classification-helps...

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Crime and Personality Test #2 9/29/08 Classification-helps to organize and group things by similarities Diagnosis Type of classification, diagnostic system used in mental health -criminal justice office uses same one as mental health. -once diagnosed, certain things fall in line etiology-cause of condition description of problem treatment options prognosis-probable outcomes prevention psychiatry part of medicine -diagnose is important -with mental disorders, no objective criteria against which to diagnose -no way to diagnose -no way to do biopsy, etc. -can’t do blood test for mental illness ex: paranoid schizophrenia -cause: we don’t know cause, lots of theories -description: can vary with schizophrenia -treatment: meds, counseling, drugs and counseling -prognosis: depends -prevention: not sure exactly
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works well in criminal justice field Labels used in the criminal justice system Typological System-picking out most salient feature; classify accordingly -pick out one characteristic ex: blood type -look at major characteristic Dimensional Approach-look at few of relevant dimensions Ex: football, for every position, had high and low -most important characteristics -look at several characteristics Accidental Criminal-individual breaks the law, but did not intend to do so Ex: hit someone walking on the street -criminal justice system interested in sick vs. bad -mentally ill vs. bad -want people to understand that accidents happen, but need to be careful. -if accidental, little reason to punish 1 st decision: sick or bad? 10-6-08 Mentally Retarded 130 + superior 2% 128-129 superior 110-119 bright/normal
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90-109- Average 84- 90 Low/Average 70-84 Borderline 50-70 mild M.R. (moron) 35-50 moderate M.R. (imbecile) 20-35 severe M.R. (idiot) Below 20-profound 2% fall into mild, moderate, and severe categories -mental retardation is not a mental illness, yet it is in DSM-IR –could have mental illness -intelligence and crime -practically no relationship -no relationship between IQ and crime -when you test criminals in IQ test, no relationship b/t criminal s and noncriminals -criminals tend to have 4 less years of education then regular population -got into trouble in school WAIS-III -Wechler Adult Intelligence Scale -IQ Test used -11 different subtests -get verbal IQ score, performance IQ score and full scale score -criminals lower on verbal and higher in performance -relationship b/t bright criminals and crime? No Mensa- those who have extremely high IQ
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-130 or higher -SAT 1300 or greater 50,000 members Mentally retarded if: 1. low IQ below 70 2. adaptive functioning is low a. going through day, hold a job, get up in the morning 3. condition has to occur in developmental years-either 18 or 22 -if after developmental period, considered cognitive/organic brain damage -most fall into mild range of MR -understand consequences of behavior. -criminal justice system says in most cases they don’t know right from wrong
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test 2 - Crime and Personality Test#2 Classification-helps...

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