test 3 policy

test 3 policy - Public Policy - Exam 3 20 November, 2008 1....

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Public Policy - Exam 3 20 November, 2008 1. What is the elite theory? The elite theory is the theory that suggests policy making powers are controlled and dominated by the best-educated, the wealthiest, and the most powerful. 2. What is agenda setting? Agenda setting is the process by which problems and alternative solutions gain or lose public attention, and the various activities of actors which cause these issues to gain or lose attention. For example, addressing a certain issue before another at a city meeting is considered agenda setting. 3. What is the pluralist theory? Unlike the elite theory, the pluralist theory is the belief that there are many groups that compete with each other in an open political system, and this competition results in policy making. 4. What is an agenda? An agenda is the list of things that are being discussed and acted upon by an institution, the media, or the public at large. 5. What is the agenda universe? The agenda universe is the list of all possible ideas that could ever be advanced in any society. 6. What is a systematic agenda? A systematic agenda is any issue, problem, or idea that could be considered by participants in the policy process, provided that this issue does not fall out of social, political, ideological, and legal norms. For example, health care issues would fall within the systematic agenda, while changing to a communist government would certainly not be considered or addressed in the systematic agenda.
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7. Compare and contrast coercive power and blocking power. In a coercive power, it is an actor’s goal to compel people to do things, often against their will, to achieve a policy goal. A blocking power, however, is an actor’s deliberate prevention of something that they do not wish to see in their policy agenda. For example, actor A convincing actor B to offer more rights to prisoners would be an example of coercive power. However, if actor A did not want more prison rights, and actor B did want more prison rights, actor A’s prevention of addressing, discussing, or enacting these rights would be considered blocking power. 8. What are the three faces of power? The first two faces of power are blocking and coercive, as explained in question 7. The third face of power could be best called a quiescent , or passive power. This power suggests that an actor has low political participation which results in succumbing to and accepting certain policies as a given, without a clear uniform or united protest. 9. What is a focusing event? A focusing event is an event which causes a specific issue to gain much more attention than previously. Usually, this event causes the issue to be the forefront on many agendas. Good examples of focusing events are: The Exxon Valdez oil spill, which bought attention to oil spills and ecological damage; The Columbine shootings, which bought attention to school violence; the Rodney King beating, which bought attention to abuse of power and police brutality. 10.
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test 3 policy - Public Policy - Exam 3 20 November, 2008 1....

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