Introduction to clinical psychology

Introduction to clinical psychology - Introduction to...

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What is clinical psychology? It aims to understand, prevent and relieve psychological distress or dysfunction and to enhance and promote subjective well being. It includes research in mental illness, assessment of patients, such as examining a patient’s memory after a stroke and the practice of psychotherapy. Types of Psychotherapy 1. Psychoanalytic therapy (Sigmund Freud, a neurologist) Freud dealt with patients with hysterical conversion neurosis, physical symptoms such as paralysis (conscious), which had a mental cause (unconscious). Its involves analysis of dreams, which is considered the road to the unconscious mind, and also analyses slips of the tongue, as this is considered to dictate ones underlining thoughts. Freud’s theory of personality Id (Want…take) – includes a persons aggressive wishes, sexual satisfactions and greed Ego – the way a person deals with their super ego and their Id Super- ego (Don’t you dare!) – Mental representation of ones parents. Defence Mechanisms Displacement – you are scared of your father, but rally you are scared of something else, such as a dog. Projection – You might project your anger towards someone as their anger towards you Reaction formation – you have a strong feeling about someone but you will feel the opposite such as anger and love. Sublimation – you have a strong urge such as aggression so you display this is a more socially acceptable way such as playing an aggressive sport. Other defence mechanisms include: Repression, denial, isolation, regression
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Introduction to clinical psychology - Introduction to...

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