lecture 19 - crime and social control

lecture 19 - crime and social control - Crime and Social...

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Crime and Social Control How much crime is there: Understanding the Crime rate o It can be difficult to measure crime rates over time for a variety of reasons, including: Changes in how crimes are defined Fluctuations in whether people report crimes In the case of murders, rapes, etc. improvements in medical technology How Do we Reduce Crime? o Deterrence theory is a philosophy of criminal justice based on the notion that crime results from a rational calculation of its costs and benefits o According to the theory, stiffer penalties, increased prison terms, mandatory minimums, and stricter parole guidelines should help reduce crime. Types of Deterrence o Specific versus general deterrence o General deterrence @ both the individual and population level o Unintended consequences of deterrence theory may ultimately result in increased recidivism o Stricter parole system o o Experience of anomie, lack of bonds upon released reintegration
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lecture 19 - crime and social control - Crime and Social...

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