Psychology CW 1 final

Psychology CW 1 final - emotions( JamesLange,CannonBardand...

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1 Relationship between physiological arousal and our subjective experience of emotions (reference to the theories of James‐Lange, Cannon‐Bard and Schachter). Relationship examined in terms of fear and trembling. Psychology I / 2007‐2008 Word Count: 1998 (2295 including front page, title and bibliography)
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2 Perception of emotion-arousing stimulus e.g. a bear Bodily Changes , both visceral (controlled by ANS and endocrine system) and skeletal e.g. trembling Interpretation of bodily changes by the cortex, which is emotion e.g. feeling afraid, fear Fig 1 The James-Lange theory of emotion – ‘I am afraid because I am trembling’ Relationship between physiological arousal and our subjective experience of emotions (reference to the theories of James-Lange, Cannon-Bard and Schachter). Emotion is something everybody experiences independently of whether they’re human or an animal, whether they’re male or female or whether they’re 2 or 100 years old, it is seen by many as a form of communication brought about through evolution. Where emotion does become interesting, to psychologists, is the issues surrounding the relationship between physiological arousal and emotion. This relates to questions such as, is emotion physical or is it a separate entity altogether? Does physiological arousal determine emotion or does emotion determine physiological arousal? It has only become recent knowledge that there may be some cognitive parts to the relationship between physiological arousal and our subjective emotions. To best answer the question, do we feel afraid because we tremble or do we tremble because we are afraid? I will take a look at answering what is fear? And what is trembling? Only when this has been made clear, can I discuss the relationship between physiological arousal and our subjective experience of emotions as dictated in the three theories of emotion, the James-Lange Theory, the Cannon- Bard theory and Schachter’s theory. I will then give my personal opinion on the three theories of emotion and on the relationship between physiological arousal and emotion. I will conclude this essay by summarizing the ideas given above in order to answer the question, do we feel afraid because we tremble or do we tremble because we are afraid? In 1972 Ekman et al and in 1975 Ekman &Friesen identified six primary emotions: fear, sadness, surprise, happiness, disgust and anger. There experiments focused on testing the recognition of facially expressed emotions on subjects, and examining which facially expressed emotions were recognized in the same way by subjects with different cultural backgrounds. The experiment suggested that primary emotions such as fear were innate emotions, brought about through evolution as a form of social communication and has an adaptive function in survival. Ekman also believed that primary emotions could be aroused unconsciously as shown by his quote “Quick onset is central to the adaptive value of emotions, mobilizing us quickly to respond to important events… (Ekman, 1994)”. Each emotion has its distinct components consisting of the subjective experience such as fear,
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course ECO 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Texas State.

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Psychology CW 1 final - emotions( JamesLange,CannonBardand...

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