social learning theories

social learning theories - gestures/words/interactions 3....

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Social Learning Theories Means to engage in crime include: opportunity structures learning structures Learning habits and knowledge that develop as a result of experiences of an individual entering and adjusting to the environment. Learn from everyone, shift from loyalty to parent to loyalty to friends, learn more from friends Differential Association Edwin Sutherland-IU Sociology -Developed as a reaction to strain and subcultural theories which focused on acts of certain segments of society-sutherland was bothered by these -crime is prevalent in both lower and middle classes -A theory of crime must explain both common crime and white collar crime -Influenced by symbolic interactionism (MEAD) 1. Criminal behavior is learned and anyone can learn it 2. Criminal behavior is learned with others in a process of communication-
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Unformatted text preview: gestures/words/interactions 3. Learning occurs in intimate personal groups-peers, work environments, etc. 4. Learning includes: techniques, motives, drives, rationalizations, attitudes 5. Specific direction of motives etc, is learned from definitions of legal code as favorable or unfavorable 6. One engages in crime because of an excess of definitions favorable to law violation over definitions unfavorable to law breaking a. Principle of differential association 7. Differential association may vary in frequency, duration, priority, and intensity a. Accounts for different rates and life cycles of offending 8. Learning criminal behavior involves all the mechanisms involved in any other learning 9....
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