Primate Socioecology - Anthropology 116

Primate Socioecology - Anthropology 116 - Anthropology 116...

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Anthropology 116 – Primate Socioecology Social grouping o Protection from predators o Defense against resources o Foraging efficiency More people make it more efficient to forage Dispersal and Philopatry o Have to leave natal group Not enough resources Usually males leave the group to find mates – not constrained by food resources Predations o Usually anecdotal evidence Gross estimates o Primates can fend off predators o When predation risk increases the group density increases Usually in smaller primates o Difficult to measure o Primates will get together with another species to prevent predation Costs Possible food competition Folivores o Poor quality food o Evenly distributed o Do not need to defend your leaves Frugivores o High quality o Patchy and seasonal o Defend the tree – limited and clumped resource Pan – Chimpanzees o Frugavores o Females leave the natal group
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Primate Socioecology - Anthropology 116 - Anthropology 116...

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