ANTH final review

ANTH final review - Critical Medical Anthropology What do...

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Critical Medical Anthropology What do Critical approaches do?? 1. Examine medical knowledge and practice as a social phenomenon. 2. Look at historical dimensions of medical knowledge 3. Confront assumptions of science Critical Medical Anthropologists claim that by focusing on isolated populations and specific settings such as the medical clinic or traditional societies, non-critical anthropologists fail to acknowledge the broader social context and forces that shape these settings. Two Classes: PEMA – Political Economy Medical Anthropology 1. Macrosocial Perspective – deals with historical and global power relations and how class struggles in history have come to shape healthcare( such as capitalism in influencing western medical care or history of colonialism influences healthcare in traditional societies) 2. Marxist – Societies under the influence of capitalism are not harmonious but are conflicted with class struggles between those that control power and those whose labor produces wealth – but who do not benefit proportionately. Capitalist relation of oppression and exploitation 3. Depersonalized – PEMA approaches are explicitly political and controvert the idea of scientific objectivity and neutrality - Three Levels of Analysis: 1. Individual – individual experiences, psyche, everyday experiences and how they shape how we feel/think about the body. 2. Social – The Body as a symbol and how different cultures use different metaphors to represent the body. Members of a society are taught by others about different sicknesses and their names. 3. Body politic - Cultural and Economic control of the Body! Patient’s response to sickness and the sufferer experience is constructed around their existing configuration of social relations. Our bodies cannot be perceived through a culture-free lens but are an entwinement of biology, lived experience, culture and social relationship. Examples: Putting laws on # of sick days, on egg donation, etc.; Living in a poor country automatically limits your resources and healthcare. Differences in thought between PEMA and Ecological Approaches 1. Models : E.A. deals with ecological model of disease( ecology contributes to illness) and PEMA looks at the global social relationships, political and economic determinants of disease. 2. Health : Health in E.A. is a result of the interaction of the individual with the environment and in PEMA it is a result of the access of the basic material and non-material resources that sustain life. 3. Disease : Cause of disease in E.A. is due to inability to adapt to environment and in PEMA it is due to oppressive power relationships
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4. Focus : E.A. focuses on how we respond and adapt to disruptions in equilibrium and PEMA focuses on the imbalance of power as the origin of disease and seeks to find where this imbalance occurs and originates. 5.
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course ANTH 3322 taught by Professor Agwuele during the Fall '10 term at Texas State.

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ANTH final review - Critical Medical Anthropology What do...

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