coalitionary behavior-Mutually supportive behavior among primates, in defense against aggressive threats by another member of the group. Occurs most commonly between grooming partners. Observed among baboons, macaques, vervet monkeys, and chimps, all of whom live in relatively large groups; prosimians rarely exhibit coalitionary behavior; uncommon among SAmerican monkeys, and some OW lineages like colobus. FYI: Among baboons, harem females will defend each other against threats by the harem male. Grooming-Process of picking through hair to remove dirt and other material, common form of affiliative behavior among primates. Social behavior: intensive hygiene and pleasurable relaxation interactions among primates, expression of alliance, loyalty; among OW monkeys & apes, time devoted to grooming during day correlates roughly with size of group; prosimian grooming seems more related to hygiene; endorphins are a mechanism to encourage animals to spend time grooming, but the selective pressure is to cement friendship Theory of Mind (ToM)-perspective of understanding social situations by understanding the other‘s person‘s motivations, thus projecting onto the person certain beliefs, desires, fears, and hopes. Abstraction of ToM progresses through ―orders of ToM
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course ANTH 3322 taught by Professor Agwuele during the Fall '10 term at Texas State.