class17terms - achieved status Social status gained through...

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achieved status Social status gained through one's own abilities and actions authority Ability to persuade others, by argument or example, to accept one's decisions charisma Personal magnetism of extraordinary individuals. Important quality of leaders in egalitarian societies coalitionary behavior Mutually supportive behavior among primates, in defense against aggressive threats by another member of the group. Occurs most commonly between grooming partners. Observed among baboons, macaques, vervet monkeys, and chimps, all of whom live in relatively large groups; prosimians rarely exhibit coalitionary behavior; uncommon among SAmerican monkeys, and some OW lineages like colobus. FYI: Among baboons, harem females will defend each other against threats by the harem male. Coalitionary behavior and cognition: c.b. = possible because animals understand behavior of other animals, can judge how other animals rate as allies, opponents; sometimes such judgments are inferred rather than empirically confirmed. Coalitionary behavior to manipulate social situations: E.G.: Chacma baboons in southern Africa: juvenile male fakes victim scream to draw his Mo‘s attention vs. female who had laboriously dug a tuber, juv. male got tuber (Whiten and Byre) E.G.: Hamadryas baboons studied by Kummer: young female used deceptive behavior to groom w/ young male who was not harem male.E.G.: Chimpanzees studied by Frans de Waal in Arnhem Zoo, Netherlands: alliance between three males: defeated senior allies w/ 3rd rank male, who becomes new dom male, tolerates defeated senior while the 2nd rank, who defeated him, falls to third place. cognized model A representation of reality which is based in part on idealized expectations about the real situation operational model A representation of reality based on observation of how the component parts of the real situation operate company as typical size for human group Effective group size of 150 for humans, as predicted by ratio of neocortex to the rest of the brain cultural ecology Principle that culture and environment interact so that each sets limits and possibilities upon the other in a dynamic relationship, such that a change in one provokes a reaction in the other; also, a methodological program for analyzing cultures, based on
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class17terms - achieved status Social status gained through...

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