Chapter 13 - Chapter 13- Social Class Social Class Social...

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Chapter 13- Social Class Social Class Social Class Hierarchy- the grouping of members of society according to status high to low Members of a particular social class tend to share similar values and behavior patterns Similar life experiences NOT strong group identity Social class distinctions can help individual determine their role within society o All level of the social class hierarchy are important contribution to society Types of Social Class Systems Up to 70% of the population concentrated in the middle class Most societies have a social class system, but size and composition of class depends on relative prosperity of particular country o Example: Japan and Scandinavia have larger middle class which means that more people within their country are equal o Example: Latin America- largest section is the lower class Upper classes in society tend to be more alike than the other classes because they are more cosmopolitan and international in orientation Lower classes likely to be culture bound and different from the other classes o In terms of foods, clothing, lifestyle Middle class like to borrow habits from both the lower and upper classes Even though class may share the same values, they may be maintained differently Particular social class may contain different economic strata Over privileged- families with an income higher than the average in their social class Class Average- families with an average income in a particular class Underprivileged- Families below the average income in their class Social Class Influences Social class structures are important because they strongly affect norms & values THEREFORE behavior… People more affected by those in their class than those outside of class Trickle Down Effect- trends that start in upper class are then copied by lower class Status Float- trends that start in the lower and middle class move upward How Social Class is Determined Income vs. Social Class Not strongly related… why? 1. Income levels can overlap between social class a. Blue collar worker could earn same as white collar worker even though they are in different social classes 2. Income increases greatly with age a. Older workers do not move up in social class because they earn more 3. Dual career families generate higher average income
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a. Does not mean they move up in social class Social class reflective of lifestyles and values Income consumption of offerings unrelated to class symbols, but have substantial expenditures Although income can’t explain social class, social class can often explain how income is used… Occupation and Education Greatest determinant of social class is occupation (especially in West cultures)
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Chapter 13 - Chapter 13- Social Class Social Class Social...

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