Criminal Justice Review Up to Midterm

Criminal Justice Review Up to Midterm - Criminal Justice...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Criminal Justice Review Up to Midterm Lecture 1 • What is criminology? o An interdisciplinary study of the causes of crime and the consequences of response to criminal behavior o “process of making laws, of breaking laws, and of reacting toward the breaking of laws” o Focus of study of violations of the criminal law and the responses of agencies of social control • Agencies interact from competing perspectives o Functionalist Model: complex system that works together towards a common goal. o Conflict Model: no actual criminal justice system, self-serving agencies • Controlling Crime is expensive o $150 billion annual budget ($400 for each US resident) o 15 million arrests per year • Different views of how to study criminal justice o Institution of Social Control: Organization that persuades people to abide by the dominate values of a society. Subtle means- gossip and peer pressure Not-so-subtle means – incarceration or expulsion o System’s Approach of Criminal Justice: formal system or process where individuals move through different stages and agencies Stages of the System: • Initial Contact – act/incident • Investigation – gather evidence against the suspect to support legal arrest • Arrest • Custody (or booking) – administrative process of officially recording after arrest • Charging – case is left to the prosecutor’s office to see if the case should proceed to grand jury or preliminary hearing • Grand Jury / Preliminary Hearing – gov’t must prove probable cause o Grand Jury: group of citizens CLOSED hearing. o Indictment: issued when specific charges for which the accused must stand trial o Preliminary hearing – information is filed before lower trial court OPEN hearing. Judge rules of evidence. • Arraignment – formal charges are read / constitutional rights read. Defendant must enter a plea (not guilty, guilty, standing mute, nolo contendere), trial date set, bail considered. • Bail/Detention – Money bond with purpose to ensure defendant will return to court • Plea Bargaining – bring case to conclusion without trial (90% cases end this way) • Trial/ Adjudication – tried in front of judge who decides if the evidence is sufficient beyond reasonable doubt. • Sentencing/ Disposition – if guilty, return to court to learn sentence • Post-conviction remedies (appeals) – defendant can appeal if believes they were not treated fairly. • Correctional Treatment – defendant is placed in custody of correctional authorities • Release • Post-Release o Informal Model of Justice: courtroom “workgroup”. Individuals work together in cooperative effort to settle cases and keep the system moving along. Most cases settled without trial (80% felonies and 90% misdemeanors)....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course CJ 2350 taught by Professor Todd during the Fall '08 term at Texas State.

Page1 / 7

Criminal Justice Review Up to Midterm - Criminal Justice...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online