{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

politics of cj - Although law and order has always been of...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Although law and order has always been of significant importance for the role of the state, it was not until the 1960’s that crime became an important part of political party’s manifestos (Downes and Morgan, 1997, p 288; James and Raine, 1998, p 17-19). It can be seen from research that political factors do influence the criminal justice system, however it is important to note to what extent. Criminal Justice is liable to changing due to the nature of political positions, ideologies and party politics (James and Raine, 1998, p 86). To a large extent it could be seen that changing governments in itself may be seen as the biggest influence on criminal justice as each government brings with them individual ideologies, values and philosophies which will inevitably shape policy and criminal justice (James and Raine, 1998, p 17- 19). Within the 1990’s the government’s role itself was changing, a focus on managing punishment became important and there was a preoccupation with sentencing (James and Raine, 1998, p 25) There was a general welfare consensus that focusing on social issues and disadvantage focused too much on individual behaviour, and new thinking suggested that crime was a result of calculated risks, and therefore personal responsibility which fitted in more with a new market approach to criminal justice (James and Raine, 1998, p 27-29). During this time the politics of law and order became increasingly punitive in an attempt to move towards a more justice based approach of penal policy (Downes and Morgan, 1997, p 297). In 1993 the Conservative Home Sectary, Michael Howard, declared ‘prison works’ a sharp contrast to the dominant welfare approach, challenging the previous Conservative Home Sectary who suggested ‘prison only makes bad people worse’ (James and Raine, 1998, p 12) a move that was significant after the Conservatives saw deteriorating support from voters after the 1992 election (Downes and Morgan, 1997, p 296). The Labour party, or more importantly the re-branded New Labour party has been seen to have a significant reposition in regards to policy. After the 1979 general election the Conservatives accused labour of being soft on crime, New Labour desperately tried to distance themselves from old party policies including the rejection of many welfare state commitments. (Downes and Morgan, 1997, p 299; Alcock, 2003, p 11) After Tony Blair’s selection as the labour party leader, he famously stated in 1994 that New Labour would be ‘tough on crime and tough on the causes of crime’ (Davies, Croall and Tyrer, 1998, p 357) later in 1997 New Labour declared in a white paper No More Excuses that there would be a greater emphasis on ‘responsibilisation’ of both young people and their parents (Downes and Morgan, 1997, p 299) New Labour proclaimed to be the party of ‘law and order’ (Downes and Morgan, 1997, p 292 ) Blair (1998, p 10) suggested a ‘third way’ of policy, based between the state and market and suggested that rather than the assumption services are best provided by the state or the market, claimed to be concerned with
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern