contemporary policing notes

contemporary policing notes - Contemporary Policing Notes...

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Contemporary Policing Notes Chapter 1: -Modern style policing didn’t appear until the fourteenth century in France, and not until the nineteenth century in England. - 5 th century BC Rome creates “ Questors ” or investigators of murders. - Praetorian Guard: Select group of highly qualified members of the military appointed by emperor Augustus to protect him and his palace. Considered the first police officers -Vigiles Originally Roman Firemen Brutal in nature Considered first official police force -Lictors Brought Criminals before magistrates Responsible for carrying out punishments Marechausee : French Mounted Military Patrol Started in 1356 Originated from the provost position assigned by king Louis IX Sir Robert Peel is generally credited with establishing the first English police department. (The London Metropolitan Police in 1829) Mutual Pledge: A form of community self-protection developed by King Alfred the Great in the latter part of the nineteenth century in England System was broken into tithings or groupings of 10 households to watch over each other. Hue and Cry: A method developed in early England for citizens to summon assistance from fellow members of the community. Constable: An official assigned to keep the peace in the mutual pledge system in England. Shire-reeve: Early English official placed in charge of shires (counties) as part of the system of mutual pledge; evolved into modern concept of ‘the sheriff’. Watch and Ward: A rudimentary form of policing, designed to protect against crime,
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disturbances, and fire. All men were required to serve. Patrolling the streets from dusk until dawn to ensue that all local people were indoors and quiet and that no strangers were roaming about Performing duties such as lighting street lamps, clearing garbage from streets and putting out fires. Enforcing the Criminal Law. 1285: The Statute of Winchester was enacted. Required: The watch and ward The hue and cry The parish constable That all men keep weapons in their home for use in maintaining public well being. SEVENTEENTH CENTURY AND THEIF-TAKERS Beadles : assistants to the constables Magistrates : presided over the courts Thief Takers: Private English citizens with no official status who were paid by the king for every criminal they arrested. Not unlike bounty hunters of the American west. CHAPTER 3: ORGANIZING THE DEPARTMENT -Division of Labor -Managerial Definitions -Leadership -Structure -Chain of Command -Span of Control -Delegation -Unity of Command -Rules and Regulations -Discipline Division of Labor All the varied tasks and duties performed by an organization must be divided among its members in accord Nance with a logical plan. In Police Departments, the tasks of the
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course CJ 3323 taught by Professor Mijares during the Fall '10 term at Texas State.

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contemporary policing notes - Contemporary Policing Notes...

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