roots of police departments

roots of police departments - 15:35 EnglishRoots

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15:35 English Roots American policing takes its origins in the British model, which started around the 1200.  At that time:  All able-bodied men responded to cries for help (kin police)  Posses were either led by the  shire reeve  (county leader) or one of the few the  comites  stabuli  (mounted officers) “I am my brother’s keeper”  Constable Appointed by local nobleman  First police officer Shire reeve were the appointed leader of a geographic region (i.e. county)  Shire reeve = sheriff Appointed by king To pursue and apprehend criminals, collect taxes for the king, etc. The  Statue of Winchester  (1285) codified modern police practices. The statue  established a:  Watch and ward system  Draft men to serve as watchmen  Formal Hue and Cry system in which citizens that did not respond and assist could be  punished  Mandated that all homes contain a weapon for use in responding to cries for help  In English towns and cities as they grew appointed by Night Watch  They would watch for fires and thieves  Fire used to be a big concern 
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Alert the public or town constable if a problem was spotted  Affiliated with the local church  Gin epidemic and urban riots during 18 th  and 19 th  centuries fueled the creation of  modern police Gin was potent, inexpensive, and readily available  For the first time Gin was produced en masse  Binge drinking, rioting, and crime became a problem  Ethnic rivalries and political unrest led to major riots  The British government needed to come up with a better system of policing that could  keep public order  18 th  Century English Policing  Rising rates of crime encouraged a new form of police. . “monied police”  Thief takers- paid by the crown on a piecework basis to apprehend criminals  Problem: many thief takers were criminals themselves, issues of violence  Bow Street Runners are one of the first examples of paid police 
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course CJ 3323 taught by Professor Mijares during the Fall '10 term at Texas State.

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roots of police departments - 15:35 EnglishRoots

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