The Nature and Causes of Crime

The Nature and Causes of Crime - The Nature and Causes of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Nature and Causes of Crime #5 (Albanese, p. 34-55) There are presently 4 general theoretical explanations of crime 1. Classical school – A perspective of criminology that sees crime as resulting from the conscious exercise of an individual’s free will. th Century Recent classical theorists – Gottfredson and Hirschi Believe people are hedonists Free will Punishment based on the crime not the person Primary focus: the CRIME Emphasizes “nature” Purpose of punishment – deterrence and retribution. 2. Positivist school – the perspective in criminology that believes human behavior is determined by internal and external influence on a person, such as biological, psychological. And or social factors. All people are not the same, criminal act is seen as symptom of an underlying problem, not a rational choice a person makes. Best known positivists – Ferri and Durkheim Primary focus: the INDIVIDUAL Emphasizes “nurture” Purpose of punishment – rehabilitation and incapacitation 3. Ethical view – this perspective sees crime as a moral failure in decision making. Emphasizes free will guided by ethical principles
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course CJ 3323 taught by Professor Mijares during the Fall '10 term at Texas State.

Page1 / 2

The Nature and Causes of Crime - The Nature and Causes of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online