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Unformatted text preview: First Continental Congress Convened in Philadelphia on Sept. 5, 1774 55 delegates from 12 colonies (all but Georgia, who sent none but agreed to whatever action chosen) Created the “Association” – an intercolonial agreement to halt all commerce w/ Britain until repealed Intolerable Acts Authorized a vast network of local committees to enforce nonimportation The Shot Heard Round the World April 18, 1775 – General Gage dispatched troops from Boston to seize rebel supplies Paul Revere warned colonists that redcoats were coming Militia of Lexington, Massachusetts, decided to stand on village green on morning of April 19 as British soldiers passed by No one planned to fight In moment of confusion, someone (probably a colonist) fired; redcoats discharged, leaving 8 Americans dead Word of incident spread rapidly – countryside swarmed with “minutemen” June 17 – colonial militiamen held their own at the Battle of Bunker Hill (actually Breed’s Hill), but British won Second Continental Congress Gathered in Philadelphia in May 1775 Slowly, and often reluctantly, it took control of the war Formed a Continental Army & appointed George Washington as its commander Purchased military supplies and issued paper money Refused to declare independence – debated and fretted, driving some mad Many Americans were not convinced that such a step was desirable or necessary December 1775 – Parliament passed Prohibitory Act, declaring war on American commerce Until the colonists begged for pardon, they could not trade with the rest of the world British navy blockaded ports and seized American ships on high seas; hired German mercenaries to put down rebellion Lord Dunmore in Virginia furthered by urging slaves to take up arms against their masters – infuriated gentry Thomas Paine (1737 – 1809) Moved to America in 1774 Common Sense – instant best-seller, sold 120,000 in 3 months “My motive and object in all my political works…have been to rescue man from tyranny…”...
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- Fall '11
- Common Sense, Continental Army, commerce w/ Britain