1800 - 1850 Slavery - Rise of Evangelicalism Pious...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Rise of Evangelicalism Pious Protestants concerned about spread of “infidelity” but faced opposition to make nation officially Protestant Catholic immigration increased, and spread of popery became main focus of evangelical concern Jacksonian politicians & evangelists sought popular favor & assumed that individuals capable of self-direction and self-improvement Evangelical reformers tended to support Whigs or reject both parties Believed that common people, not just elite, needed to be redeemed and uplifted – committed to more than self-interest Did not trust democracy of unbelievers and sinners Second Great Awakening Began in southern frontier around 1800 Highly emotional camp meetings, organized usually by Methodists or Baptists (sometimes Presbyterians) Became regular feature of religious life in South & lower Midwest Met social and religious needs For many people, it was the only time to get baptized/married or to have communal religious experience Provided emotional outlet for lonely & tedious everyday life Promoted sense of community and social discipline Northern evangelists mostly Congregationalists and Presbyterians Northern awakening resulted in formation of societies devoted to redemption of human race in general Began as effort to defend Calvinism against liberal views of religion fostered by Enlightenment Calvinist doctrine stressed original sin & predestination, limited appeal in republic of freedom and progress Main theologian of neo-Calvinism was Nathaniel Taylor Softened doctrine of predestination almost out of existence Every individual was a free agent who had the ability to overcome a natural inclination to sin Charles G. Finney practiced new and more radical form of revivalism in upstate New York Free agency became unqualified free will Appeal was to emotion or to heart rather than doctrine or reason Wanted converts to feel the power of Christ & become new men & women Eventually adopted view that redeemed Christians could be totally free of sin – as perfect as God Sought instantaneous conversions through new methods Protracted meetings lasting all night or several days in a row “Anxious bench” in front of congregation for those in process of repentance Encouraged women to pray publicly for the souls of male relatives Eastern evangelicals disturbed by Finney, emotionalism, and violation of tradition of women not praying aloud in church Northern wing of Awakening inspired great movement for social reform Voluntary associations to stamp out sin and social evil & win the world for Christ 1810 – Presbyterians & Congregationalists founded Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions & dispatched to India 1816 – Rev. Samuel John Mills took leading role in organizing American Bible Society Publication and distribution of religious tracts, mainly by American Tract Society (1825) Founded moral reform societies and missions – sought to stamp out dueling, gambling, and prostitution Temperance Movement – most successful reform crusade
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern