1800 - 1850 Slavery

1800 - 1850 Slavery - Rise of Evangelicalism Pious...

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Rise of Evangelicalism Pious Protestants concerned about spread of “infidelity” but faced opposition to make nation officially Protestant Catholic immigration increased, and spread of popery became main focus of evangelical concern Evangelical reformers tended to support Whigs or reject both parties Believed that common people, not just elite, needed to be redeemed and uplifted – committed to more than self-interest Did not trust democracy of unbelievers and sinners Second Great Awakening Began in southern frontier around 1800 Highly emotional camp meetings, organized usually by Methodists or Baptists (sometimes Presbyterians) Met social and religious needs For many people, it was the only time to get baptized/married or to have communal religious experience Promoted sense of community and social discipline Northern evangelists mostly Congregationalists and Presbyterians Northern awakening resulted in formation of societies devoted to redemption of human race in general Began as effort to defend Calvinism against liberal views of religion fostered by Enlightenment Main theologian of neo-Calvinism was Nathaniel Taylor Softened doctrine of predestination almost out of existence Every individual was a free agent who had the ability to overcome a natural inclination to sin Charles G. Finney practiced new and more radical form of revivalism in upstate New York Free agency became unqualified free will Appeal was to emotion or to heart rather than doctrine or reason Eventually adopted view that redeemed Christians could be totally free of sin – as perfect as God Sought instantaneous conversions through new methods Protracted meetings lasting all night or several days in a row “Anxious bench” in front of congregation for those in process of repentance Encouraged women to pray publicly for the souls of male relatives Eastern evangelicals disturbed by Finney, emotionalism, and violation of tradition of women not praying aloud in church Northern wing of Awakening inspired great movement for social reform 1816 – Rev. Samuel John Mills took leading role in organizing American Bible Society Publication and distribution of religious tracts, mainly by American Tract Society (1825) Founded moral reform societies and missions – sought to stamp out dueling, gambling, and prostitution Temperance Movement – most successful reform crusade
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2012 for the course HIST 3316 taught by Professor Bourgeios during the Fall '11 term at Texas State.

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1800 - 1850 Slavery - Rise of Evangelicalism Pious...

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