1815 - 1825 Nation Building

1815 - 1825 Nation Building - Peace following War of 1812...

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Peace following War of 1812 opened the way for a great surge of nation building: Improvements in transportation Advances in the processing of raw materials Active judiciary handed down decisions that promoted economic development and asserted priority of nation over state/local Foreign policy designed to insulate America from external involvements Expansion and Migration Peace allowed Americans to shift attention to vast lands of North America Two treaties w/ Great Britain dealt with northern borders: Also guaranteed that Brits would never try to invade US from Canada and US would never try to take Canada Anglo-American Convention of 1818 set border between Louisiana Purchase and Canada at 49 th parallel Also provided for joint occupation of Oregon Much of the land in trans-Appalachian west still belonged to Indians – officials used diplomacy, military action, force, and fraud to “open” lands for US settlement and migration First turned attention to Spanish holdings – Florida and present-day American West Did not include land between Mississippi and Perdido River (annexed as part of Louisiana Purchase) 1816 US troops first crossed into East FL in pursuit of hostile Seminole Indians Raid touched off wider conflict – Andrew Jackson occupied East FL in April/May of 1818 (a.k.a. First Seminole War) Adams-Onis Treaty (Feb 22, 1819) – Spain relinquished FL; US assumed $5 million claims of American citizens against Spain Also used confrontation to make Spain give up claim to Pacific coast north of California Interest in exploitation of Far West continued to grow through 1820 1811 – John Jacob Astor founded fur-trading post of Astoria at mouth of Columbia River in Oregon Followed Indian trails; explored Rockies & Great Basin; Exemplars of a romantic ideal of lonely self-reliance in harmony with unspoiled nature Military expedition reports provided better documentation 1819-20 Maj. Stephen S. Long surveyed parts of Great Plains & Rockies; encouraged view of “great Amer. desert” Native Americans Combined population of nearly 60,000 By 1815, they had adopted many of features of surrounding white society – agriculture, republican, slavery
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1815 - 1825 Nation Building - Peace following War of 1812...

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