1914 - 1919 World War One

1914 - 1919 World War One - The years around WWI firmly...

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“The years around WWI firmly established the U.S. as a world power, confirmed the country’s dominance in Latin America, and ended with a war with Germany and her allies that had far-reaching results, including establishing the U.S. as one of the world’s foremost economic powers.” Foreign Policy – something “to be left to the president in office” President is largely unchallenged by Congress or the Supreme Court From 1901 – 1920, foreign policy is aggressive and nationalistic with investments and trade fostering greater involvement in foreign lands Under Teddy Roosevelt and Sec. of War Elihu Root: - modernize army, est. Army War College, stiff tests for promotions - doubles Navy’s strength - Hay-Paunceforte Treaty (1901) permits U.S. to construct & control Isthmian canal Canal is free and open to ships of all nations Isthmian Canal Commission reccomends 50-mile route in Panama Hay-Herran Convention (1903) authorizes 6-mi wide canal in exchange for $10 million fee and $250,000/yr. rent – Rejected Panama Canal is completed in August 1914 - $375 million cost - The Roosevelt Corollary (1904) = policy warning Latin Amer. Nations to keep their affairs in order In response to Dominican Republic and Venezuela defaulting on debts) - Lodge Corollary (1912) = warns foreign corps. Not to purchase harbors and other sites of military significance in Latin Amer. Aug. 1905 – mediates peace conference betw. Russian & Japan ends war, Japan emerges as dominant Taft-Katsura Agreement (1905) recognizes Japan’s dominance over Korea in return for promise not to invade the Philippines (violates the Open Door Policy – Roosevelt claims had “no choice”) “Gentlemen’s Agreement” (1907) promise to stop influx of Japanese agricultural laborers into U.S. Root-Takahira Agreement (1908) = US & Japan promise to maintain the status quo in the Pacific, uphold the Open Door, and support Chinese independence Under Taft & Sec. of St. Knox: - “dollar diplomacy” = promotes American financial and business interests abroad with aims of profit- seeking, substitute economic ties for military alliances to bring peace - works to replace European debts in Caribbean with American ones to reduce outside meddling - Far East – “dollar diplomacy was the financial arm of the Open Door” Japan resents, China distrusts U.S. - Began intense rivalry with Japan for communist advancement in China
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1914 - 1919 World War One - The years around WWI firmly...

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