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Unformatted text preview: Andrew Jackson Presidential Outline I. Name: Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 June 8, 1845) II. State of Birth/State which he ran for President: Born in South Carolina, ran for president in Tennessee. III. Educational and Occupational Background: He first studied law under Spruce Macay in Salisbury, North Carolina. He was then a delegate at the Tennessees Constitution Convention. He then became a Congressman and represented Tennessee in the House of Representatives. In 1797, he became a Senator. He has a lot of military experience, capturing Florida, and leading the US to victory in the battle of New Orleans. IV. Dates of Term/Terms of Office: 1829-1833, 1833-1837 V. Prominent Issues in Election: Voting was now extended to all white males, as opposed to white males who owned land. Since now many common people were allowed to vote, Jackson gained a lot of support because it seemed as if he was a representative of the common people. VI. Opponents: 1 st term John Quincy Adams (Republican), 2 nd term Henry Clay (Republican), John Floyd (independent), William Wirt (Anti-Mason) VII. Vice President: 1 st term John C. Calhoun, 2 nd term Martin Van Buren VIII. Political Party: Democrat IX. Major Domestic Happenings: - 1829, Andrew Jackson becomes president. On March 4 th , 1829, Andrew Jackson is inaugurated as the 7 th president of the United States. - 1830, Veto of the Maysville Road Bill. Jackson vetoed a bill, which caused the federal government to buy stock in a private company in Kentucky. Since this road was solely in Kentucky, he believed that it was not the interstate trade as defined by the Constitution. Therefore, it did not deserve federal aid. Calhoun believed that federal aid would better the economy. There was much disagreement between the president and his vice president. - 1830, Webster-Hayne Debate. From South Carolina, Robert Y. Hayne, a young senator, heard of several schemes for westward expansion. He believed that this was merely a scheme to secure political party in the East. He did not mean to prevent economic growth, however, he merely wanted to gain support to lower the tarrif of 1828, which was becoming unbearable for plantation owning families in the south. He claimed that the south and west were victims of a tyranny occurring in the northeast. Daniel Webster responded to Haynes and they got into a debate about national power versus state power. This led to Websters famous speech, Second Reply to Hayne, which was almost two days long.- 1830, Indian Removal Act. Jackson aimed to rid the country of the Native Americans while also taking their land. His main focus was the Cherokee tribe in Georgia, which was one of what was known as the five civilized tribes in America. Many people argued that the Cherokee should not be subject to harsh treatment in that they adopted many American ideals and practices, including their own constitution in 1827. However, the federal government wanted Cherokee lands and would stop at nothing to get it. the federal government wanted Cherokee lands and would stop at nothing to get it....
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